Faculty Research 1970 - 1979

Title

Ultrastructural and morphometric studies of delta cells in pancreatic islets from C57BL/Ks diabetes mice.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1979

Keywords

Diabetes-Mellitus-Experimental: pa, Female, Glucagon: an, Histocytochemistry, Islands-of-Langerhans: an, pa, ul, Mice, Mice-Inbred-Strains, Pancreatic-Polypeptide: an, Somatostatin: an, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Diabetologia. 1979 Nov; 17(5):297-309.

Abstract

An ultrastructural and immunocytochemical study was undertaken to elucidate the temporal and quantitative aspects of the changes occurring in the delta cells in the pancreatic islets of C57BL/KsJ db/db (diabetes) mice. Electron microscopy revealed that prior to the major topographical redistribution of delta cells from their peripheral location to the islet interior, long delta cell filopodial extensions penetrated into the islet, greatly increasing the area of surface contact between delta cells and hypersecretory beta cells. Coincident with delta cells redistribution in islets of 8 to 10 week diabetes mice, the mean number of delta cells per islet had increased significantly. In contrast, their volume density had decreased, indicating incomplete compensation for beta cell hyperplasia which had commenced approximately 4 weeks earlier. In the 14 week mutants, numbers of delta cells per islet and islet volume reached maximum values while delta cell volume density had been restored to a control level. Delta cell volume density exhibited a 2-fold increase in the mutants at 20 weeks that coincided with massive beta cell necrosis. However, a decline in the number of delta cells per islet (173.6 +/- 20.9 at 14 weeks versus 91.2 +/- 20 weeks) suggests that islet degeneration in terminal stages of the syndrome also includes some loss of these cells.

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