Faculty Research 1970 - 1979

Title

Pathogenesis of sialodacryoadenitis in gnotobiotic rats.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1975

Keywords

Antigens-Viral, Coronaviridae: im, Dacryocystitis: im, pa, ve, Germ-Free-Life, Harderian-Gland: pa, Lymph-Nodes: pa, Nasopharynx: pa, Rats, Rodent-Diseases: et, im, pa, Salivary-Gland-Diseases: ve, Salivary-Glands: pa, Sialadenitis: im, pa, ve, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Virus-Diseases: im, pa, ve

JAX Source

Vet-Pathol. 1975; 12(3):196-209.

Abstract

The pathogenesis of sialodacryoadenitis was studied in gnotobiotic CD rats inoculated intranasally with the causal virus. Virus replication was detected sequentially in the nasopharynx, tracheobronchial tree, cervical lymph nodes, submaxillary and parotid salivary glands, exorbital gland, and Harderian gland. Acute rhinitis appeared within 2 days after inoculation, and salivary glands had lesions in 4 days. Early changes in salivary and exorbital glands were characterized by necrosis of ductal epithelium, which rapidly progressed to widespread acinar necrosis, marked inflammation, edema and total effacement of glandular architecture. Harderian glands also had massive necrosis of tubuloalveolar units. Repair in all glands was characterized by marked squamous metaplasia of tubuloalveolar units. Repair in all glands was characterized by marked squamous metaplasia of ducts. Neutralizing and complement-fixing antibodies were detected in 7 days, and there was a concomitant decrease in tissue-virus titers. There was no detectable evidence for hematogenous spread of virus or for retrograde infection by way of major salivary ducts.

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