Faculty Research 1970 - 1979

Title

Osteopetrosis, a new recessive skeletal mutation on chromosome 12 of the mouse.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1976

Keywords

Body-Weight, Chromosome-Mapping, Chromosomes, Disease-Models-Animal, Genes-Recessive, Genes-Structural, Linkage-(Genetics), Mice, Mutation, Osteopetrosis: fg, pa, Skull: ab, Tooth-Abnormalities

JAX Source

J-Hered. 1976 Jan-Feb; 67(1):11-18.

Abstract

Osteopetrosis (op/op) is a new mutation in the mouse that is transmitted as an autosomal recessive linked with variant waddler (Va) on chromosome 12. Compared with normal littermates, young op/op mice have excessive accumulations of bone without marrow cavities, increases in bone matrix formation and concentrations of parafollicular cells of the thyroid, and are hypophosphatemic. Osteoclasts from op/op mice are small, few in number and have an abnormal cytoplasmic distribution of the lysosomal enzyme acid phosphatase. In contrast to the three other mutations that transmit osteopetrosis in mice, the skeletal signs of the disease slowly disappear in op/op animals after bone matrix formation declines about 6 weeks after birth from 145 percent to 20 percent of that in normal siblings. The main skeletal defect in op/op mice appears to be a severe restriction in bone remodeling that is capable of slowly removing the excessive skeletal mass characteristic of the disease only after bone formation has declined to one-fifth that of normal littermates.

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