Faculty Research 1970 - 1979

Title

Genetic determination of the beta-galactosidase developmental program in mouse liver.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1976

Keywords

Brain: en, Crosses-Genetic, Galactosidases: bi, Genes-Structural, Linkage-(Genetics), Liver: en, gd, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Inbred-Strains, Myocardium: en, Recombination-Genetic, Species-Specificity, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Variation-(Genetics)

JAX Source

Cell 1976 Dec; 9(4):533-9.

Abstract

The developmental program for beta-galactosidase in C57BL/6J and related strains of mice differs from that seen in most other mouse strains. Mice of the C57BL/6 group show a rise in liver enzyme activity during development that is not seen in mice of other strains. The developmental pattern of beta-galactosidase activity in heart and brain of C57BL/6 mice is similar to that in other strains. Physical, kinetic, and immunological tests indicate that the developmental increase in C57BL/6 enzyme activity is an increase in the number of molecules of the same species of enzyme protein that is present in other strains. In genetic crosses, the presence of the developmental rise in liver enzyme activity segregates as if determined by a single genetic factor showing additive expression in heterozygotes. This factor is closely linked to the beta-galactosidase structural gene on chromosome 9. The existence of a genetic variant with these properties is evidence that programmatic information capable of regulating the temporal expression of a structural gene can be encoded in DNA.

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