Faculty Research 1970 - 1979

Title

Ultrastructural study of concanavalin-A binding to the surface of preimplantation mouse embryos.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1977

Keywords

Blastocyst: me, Cell-Membrane: me, Concanavalin-A: me, Embryo: me, Female, Mice, Ovum: me, Pregnancy, Preimplantation-Phase, Receptors-Concanavalin-A: me, Receptors-Drug: me, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Trophoblast: me, Zygote: me

JAX Source

J Exp Zool 1977 Jun;200(3):311-23

Abstract

Receptors for Con-A were labelled (using the peroxidase-diaminobenzidine technique) on the plasma membrane of unfertilized and fertilized mouse eggs, cleavage stage embryos, trophoblast and inner cell mass (ICM) of the blastocyst. Embryos were exposed to Con-A concentrations of 10 microgram/ml, 50 microgram/ml, or 1,000 microgram/ml and the lowest concentration was observed to be the most suitable for discerning differences between stages of embryonic development. On the surface of unfertilized and fertilized eggs and 2-cell embryos, reaction product appeared as a thin, discontinuous layer. The surface of 4- and 16-cell stage embryos had a thicker, continuous, although non-uniform, layer of the reaction product. On the surface of the cells of the late morula, and on the trophoblastic cells of the blastocyst, clustering of reaction product was observed. Cells of ICM of intact blastocyst were free of the reaction product, showing that either Con-A and/or peroxidase cannot penetrate tight junctions between trophoblastic cells. Reaction product in the form of a thin, uniform layer covered the free surface of the cells of the ICM after they had been isolated (using immunosurgery) and exposed to 50 microgram/ml of Con-A. The amount and distribution of Con-A receptors is discussed, along with their redistribution and mobility in relation to the agglutinability of preimplantation mouse embryos.

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