Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Mouse oocytes suppress cAMP-induced expression of LH receptor mRNA by granulosa cells in vitro.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1998

JAX Source

Mol Reprod Dev 1998 Mar;49(3):327-32

Abstract

Mouse oocytes suppress follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression in cultured granulosa cells. The objective of this study was to assess the mechanism by which oocytes suppress FSH-induced LHR expression. The effect of cumulus cell-denuded, germinal-vesicle-stage oocytes, isolated from antral follicles, on FSH-induced cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production by cultured granulosa cells was determined by radioimmunoassays. In addition, the effect of oocytes on 8Br-cAMP-induced LHR mRNA steady-state expression by granulosa cells was assessed by RNase protection assays. Oocytes had no detectable effect on FSH-induced cAMP production. However, oocytes dramatically suppressed 8Br-cAMP-induced LHR mRNA steady-state expression by granulosa cells. It was concluded that the mechanism by which oocytes suppress FSH-induced steady-state expression of LHR mRNA is not by inactivating FSH, preventing functional interactions of FSH with its granulosa cell receptors, or by interfering with the signal-transduction mechanisms required for FSH-dependent cAMP production. In addition, since oocytes suppressed the 8Br-cAMP-induced increase in steady-state expression of mRNA for LHR, oocyte-derived factors probably suppress expression by acting downstream of FSH-induced elevation of granulosa cell cAMP.