Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Physiologic and endocrinologic characterization of male sex-biased diabetes in C57BLKS/J mice congenic for the fat mutation at the carboxypeptidease E locus.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1999

Keywords

Animal, Blood-Glucose, Body-Weight, Carboxypeptidases, Corticosterone, Crosses-Genetic, Dexamethasone, Drug-Implants, Glucocorticoids-Synthetic, Islets-of-Langerhans, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C67BL, Mutation, Obesity, Obesity-in-Diabetes, Proinsulin, Sex-Characteristics

JAX Source

Endocrine 1999 Feb;10(1):57-66

Grant

RR08911/RR/NCRR, DK46977/DK/NIDDK, AR43618/AR/NIAMS

Abstract

The fat gene in mice represents a recessive mutation at the carboxypeptidase E (Cpe) locus. The mutant allele (Cpe(fat)) encodes a highly unstable enzyme and produces an obesity phenotype characterized by attenuated processing of prohormones such as proinsulin that require this exopeptidase for full maturation. This article presents a preliminary physiologic and endocrinologic characterization of the stock of C57BLKS/LtJ-Cpe(fat)/Cpe(fat) mice at the backcross generation (N10) currently distributed by The Jackson Laboratory. Although previously reported not to be diabetogenic at N5, an additional five backcrosses to the C57BLKS/J background resulted in a male-biased development of both obesity and diabetes. Major differences distinguishing this mutant stock from the phenotypes produced by either the diabetes (Lepr(db)) or obese (Lep(ob)) mutations on the same inbred strain background are lack of hyperphagia and hypercorticism, sensitivity of diabetic males to exogenous insulin, and a milder and male-biased diabetes syndrome that is not associated with widespread beta-cell necrosis and islet atrophy, and that often remits with age.

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