Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Unexpected behavior of H2Kb mutant DNAs in denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1991

Keywords

Base-Sequence, DNA: ge, Electrophoresis-Polyacrylamide-Gel: mt, Haplotypes, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Molecular-Sequence-Data, Mutation, Nucleic-Acid-Conformation, Nucleic-Acid-Denaturation, Polymerase-Chain-Reaction, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Nucleic Acids Res 1991 Jun 25; 19(12):3331-5.

Grant

AI20232, AI25765

Abstract

Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is based upon the different melting behaviors of DNA molecules in a chemical denaturant gradient according to their sequences. This technique has recently become a widespread tool to detect mutations. The introduction of a GC-clamp enables the detection of most single base differences between two DNA molecules. As a test system we have applied the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in combination with DGGE to detect a number of mutations in the mouse H2Kb DNA sequence. A wide variety of spontaneous in vivo mutations of this haplotype have been reported in the C57BL/6J mouse strain and are clustered in the alpha 1 and alpha 2 domains. The combination of PCR and DGGE revealed almost all base changes present in the H2Kb mutants used. However, most of the PCR products of these mutants showed melting behavior which is not easily predicted. We suggest that in addition to current simple theory, which considers that the migration of a DNA molecule in a denaturing gradient depends primarily on its initial melting behavior, additional factors such as secondary structure in partially melted molecules may play a role and can be used to detect mutations.