Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

A linkage map of endogenous murine leukemia proviruses.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1990

Keywords

Base-Sequence, Blotting-Southern, Chromosome-Mapping, Crosses-Genetic, DNA-Viral: ge, Female, Genes-Viral, Linkage-(Genetics), Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-Strains: ge, mi, Molecular-Sequence-Data, Mouse-Leukemia-Viruses: ge, Proviruses: ge, Restriction-Mapping, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Genetics 1990 Feb; 124(2):221-36.

Grant

R35CA44385, GM18684, CA33093

Abstract

Thirty endogenous proviruses belonging to the modified polytropic (Mpmv) class of murine leukemia virus (MLV) were identified by proviral-cellular DNA junction fragment segregation in several sets of recombinant inbred mice. Twenty-six Mpmv loci were mapped to chromosomal regions by matching proviral strain distribution patterns to those of previously assigned genes. Like other endogenous nonecotropic MLVs, Mpmv loci were present on several chromosomes in all strains examined. We pooled recombinant inbred strain linkage data from 110 MLV loci and selected marker genes in order to construct a chromosomal linkage map. Every mouse chromosome was found to harbor at least one proviral insertion, and several regions contained multiple integrations. However, the overall distribution of the 110 mapped proviruses did not deviate significantly from a random distribution. Because of their polymorphism in inbred strains of mice, and the ability to score as many as 57 proviruses per strain using only three hybridization probes, the nonecotropic MLVs mapped in common strains of mice offer a significant advantage over older methods (e.g., biochemical or individual restriction fragment polymorphisms) as genetic markers. These endogenous insertion elements should also be useful for assessing strain purity, and for studying the relatedness of common and not-so-common inbred strains.