Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Isolation, characterization, and chromosomal mapping of mouse P450 17 alpha-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1991

Keywords

Animal, Base-Sequence, Blotting-Southern, Crosses-Genetic, DNA, Human, Leydig-Cells, Linkage-(Genetics), Male, Mice, Molecular-Sequence-Data, Restriction-Mapping, Sequence-Homology-Nucleic-Acid, Steroid-17-Hydroxylase: ge, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Genomics 1991 May;10(1):270-5

Grant

HD17916, HD08358, CA33093, +

Abstract

Cytochrome P450 17 alpha-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase (P45017 alpha) catalyzes the conversion of C-21 steroids to C-19 steroids in gonads. A full-length mouse cDNA encoding P450 17 alpha was isolated from a mouse Leydig cell library and characterized by restriction mapping and sequencing. The predicted amino acid sequence has 83% homology to rat, 66% homology to human, and 62% homology to bovine P45017 alpha amino acid sequences. The protein is 507 amino acids in length, which is 1 amino acid shorter than the human protein and 2 amino acids shorter than the bovine protein. The structural gene encoding P450 17 alpha (Cyp17) was localized utilizing an interspecific testcross to mouse chromosome 19, distal to Got-1. Another cytochrome P450, P4502c (Cyp2c), also is located at the distal end of chromosome 19. CYP17, CYP2c, and GOT1 have been mapped to human chromosome 10, with CYP2C and GOT1 mapped to the distal region, q24.3 and q25.3, respectively. The data in the present study indicate conserved syntenic loci on mouse chromosome 19 and human chromosome 10 and predict that the structural gene encoding P45017 alpha will be found distal to GOT1 on human chromosome 10.

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