Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Mating stimulates estradiol production by ovaries of the musk shrew (Suncus murinus).

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1992

Keywords

Copulation: ph, Estradiol: bi, Female, FSH, In-Vitro, LH, Ovary: de, ah, hi, me, Ovulation: ph, Shrews: ph, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Biol Reprod 1992 May;46(5):885-91

Grant

HD14584, HD23839

Abstract

Asian musk shrews (Suncus murinus) are induced ovulators, but exhibit no cyclic changes in reproductive structures or in sexual behavior. Mating behavior is induced by contact with a male. To determine if mating induces changes in ovarian steroidogenesis, ovaries removed from unmated animals and at 3, 10, 15, and 36 h after mating were cultured for 4 h in the presence or absence of gonadotropins (LH + FSH, 1 microgram/ml). Histological analysis revealed no obvious changes in follicular size or appearance at the end of culture in ovaries cultured at 3 and 10 h post-mating, as compared with ovaries from unmated shrews, and mating did not stimulate any discernable changes in steroid secretion in these two groups. However, at the end of the culture period, ovulation had occurred or was occurring in ovaries from 35% of the animals ovariectomized at 15 h after mating, and corpora lutea (CLs) were present in 39% of ovarian pairs obtained 36 h after mating. At 15 h post-mating, ovaries with ovulations secreted three times more estradiol than did ovaries that showed no evidence of stimulation by mating, but there were no differences in testosterone or progesterone production. In contrast, ovaries isolated 36 h post-mating with CLs secreted dramatically more of all three steroids than ovaries without CLs (23, 13, and 52 times more estradiol, testosterone, and progesterone, respectively). These data are consistent with plasma concentrations of estradiol at the time of ovariectomy, which were twice as high at both 15 and 36 h after mating, in animals whose ovaries showed evidence of ovarian stimulation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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