Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Low-molecular-weight iodoproteins in the congenital goiters of cog/cog mice.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1992

Keywords

Animal, Centrifugation-Density-Gradient, Electrophoresis-Polyacrylamide-Gel, Goiter: cn, me, Hypothyroidism: me, Immune-Sera, Immunosorbent-Techniques, Iodine-Radioisotopes, Iodoproteins: me, Mice, Mice-Inbred-BALB-C, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Molecular-Weight, Rats, Serum-Albumin: im, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Thyroglobulin: im, me, Thyroid-Gland: de, me, Thyrotropin

JAX Source

Thyroid 1992 Winter;2(4):329-35

Grant

CA21518/CA/NCI, CA42363/CA/NCI

Abstract

Previously we described sedimentation and immunologic abnormalities of thyroglobulin (Tg) in a strain of mice with inherited congenital goiter and hypothyroidism (cog/cog). The goals of the present study were to determine the extent to which thyroid gland stimulation by TSH accounts for the abnormal properties of cog/cog Tg and to characterize further the abnormally small iodoproteins found in cog/cog mice. Cog/cog and control +/cog and BALB/c mice were fed with either normal or thyroid-hormone-containing diets and were injected with Na125I. Sucrose density gradient centrifugation of labeled thyroid extracts from cog/cog mice on normal diet showed that 82% of the iodine was in iodoproteins smaller than Tg, with sedimentation rates of 3-8S. No 12S and 19S peaks, characteristic of normal Tg, were present, but distinct and stable 12S and 19S peaks emerged after recentrifugation of the 12S and 19S areas. In contrast, in cog/cog mice treated with T4, a smaller (55%) amount of 3-8S iodoproteins and distinct 12S and 19S peaks were present. In both groups of mice, the labeled 3-8S iodoproteins were composed of three fractions: 15% precipitated by antirat Tg serum, 38% precipitated by antimouse albumin serum, and 47% not precipitated by either serum. The 3-8S iodoproteins contained labeled MIT and DIT and no T4. On sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis the 3-8S iodoprotein fraction that reacted with anti-Tg serum contained a distinct electrophoretic band at 49K. The 3-8S nonreactive iodoproteins resolved into several bands of lower molecular weight. We conclude that the 3-8S iodoproteins in cog/cog mice are heterogeneous and that TSH stimulation contributes to the production of these low-molecular-weight iodoproteins.

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