Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

In vitro and in vivo correlations for I65T and M1V mutations at the phenylalanine hydroxylase locus.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1992

Keywords

Amino-Acid-Sequence, Animal, Base-Sequence, Cell-Line, Codon: ge, Exons, Female, France: eh, Genotype, Human, Isoleucine, Male, Molecular-Sequence-Data, Mutation, Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Pedigree, Phenotype, Phenylalanine: me, Phenylalanine-Hydroxylase: ge, Polymerase-Chain-Reaction: mt, Quebec, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, Threonine, Transfection

JAX Source

Hum Mutat 1992;1(2):147-53

Abstract

Mutations at the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) locus are the major cause of hyperphenylalaninemia. We have previously described four mutations (M1V, IVS12nt1, R408W, and S349P) at the PAH locus in French Canadians with ancestry in eastern Quebec. Here we report (1) identification of another mutation, on a haplotype 9 chromosome, which converts codon 65 from isoleucine (ATT) to threonine (ACT), (2) expression analysis of the I65T mutation in COS cells demonstrating 75% loss of both immunoreactive protein and enzyme activity, and (3) expression analysis of the most prevalent PKU allele (M1V) in eastern Quebec, showing nondetectable levels of PAH protein and activity, a finding compatible with a mutation in the translation initiation codon. Homozygosity for M1V and codominant inheritance of I65T/R408W were both associated with classical phenylketonuria.

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