Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Mouse centromere mapping using oligonucleotide probes that detect variants of the minor satellite.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1994

Keywords

Base-Sequence, Centromere: ul, Chromosome-Mapping, DNA, DNA-Satellite: ge, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Inbred-DBA, Mice-Inbred-Strains, Molecular-Sequence-Data, Oligonucleotide-Probes, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Variation-(Genetics)

JAX Source

Chromosoma 1994 Mar;103(1):46-55

Grant

GM18684/GM/NIGMS

Abstract

Cytologically, the centromere is found at the very end of most Mus musculus chromosomes, co-localizing with an array of minor satellite sequences. It is separated from the euchromatin of the long arm by a large domain of heterochromatin, composed in part of arrays of major satellite sequences. We used oligonucleotide probes that specifically detect regions of sequence variation found in certain cloned minor satellite sequences. They detect a limited subset of the minor satellite arrays in the mouse genome, based on both pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and in situ hybridization data, and provide direct molecular genetic markers for individual centromeres in some inbred mouse strains. Array size polymorphisms detected by these probes map to positions consistent with the centromeres of chromosomes 1 and 14 in the BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strains. The genetic distances between these minor satellite arrays and loci on the long arms of chromosomes 1 and 14 are consistent with repression of meiotic recombination in the heterochromatic domains separating them. The existence of chromosome-specific minor satellite sequences implies that the rate of sequence exchange between non-homologous chromosomes relative to the rate between homologous chromosomes is much lower than has previously been postulated. We suggest that the high degree of sequence homogeneity of mouse satellite sequences may instead reflect recent common ancestry.

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