Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Immunoperoxidase detection of ophidian paramyxovirus in snake lung using a polyclonal antibody.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1995

Keywords

Animals-Zoo, Antibodies, Bothrops, Cercopithecus-aethiops, Chickens, Comparative-Study, Crotalus, Heart, Hemagglutination-Tests, Immunoenzyme-Techniques, Liver, Lung: pa, Myocardium: pa, Paramyxovirus, Snakes, Species-Specificity, Spleen, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, United-States, Vero-Cells

JAX Source

J Vet Diagn Invest 1995 Jan;7(1):72-7

Abstract

In a retrospective study of proliferative interstitial pneumonia in viperid and nonviperid snakes, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded lungs from 52 snakes were screened for immunohistochemical reactivity to ophidian paramyxovirus. All snakes were from zoological collections that experienced mortalities attributed to paramyxovirus infection. Of the 52 snakes, 47 had pulmonary lesions compatible with ophidian paramyxovirus infection. Histologic changes in affected lungs included hyperplasia and hypertrophy of septal and faveolar epithelial cells, loss of ciliated cells, mixed leukocytic interstitial infiltrates, fibrinonecrotic exudate in the lumen of proximal and distal faveolar compartments, and occasional epithelial syncytial cell formation or intraepithelial eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions. Lungs were immunohistochemically stained for paramyxovirus antigens by utilizing rabbit polyclonal antibodies against a paramyxovirus isolate from a black mamba (Dendroaspis polyepis polyepis). Virus infection in 6 snakes was confirmed by virus isolation from frozen lung tissue. Of the 6 lungs from which paramyxovirus was isolated, 5 lungs stained positively for viral antigens utilizing antisera to the black mamba isolate. Altogether, 36 lungs stained positively for paramyxovirus antigens. There was multifocal to diffuse linear staining of the lumenal surface of faveolar epithelium, and there were multiple foci of granular cytoplasmic staining. Immunohistochemical staining of formalin-fixed lungs from snakes with proliferative interstitial pneumonia was helpful as a routine diagnostic test for substantiating a diagnosis of ophidian paramyxovirus infection.

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