Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Synthesis and accumulation of p34cdc2 and cyclin B in mouse oocytes during acquisition of competence to resume meiosis.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1995

Keywords

Cell-Division, Cells-Cultured, Cyclins: bi, Female, Meiosis, Mice, Oocytes: cy, me, Protein-p34cdc2: bi, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Mol Reprod Dev 1995 Apr;40(4):503-8

Grant

HD20575/HD/NICHD

Abstract

This study tests the hypothesis 033 that growing murine oocytes, which are incompetent to resume meiosis, are deficient in their content of p34cdc2 and/or cyclin B, the two subunits of maturation promoting factor (MPF). Accumulation of the two MPF components occurred in an asynchronous manner in growing oocytes. Cyclin B content reached maximal levels in oocytes that were not yet competent to undergo germinal vesicle breakdown (GVB), the first obvious morphological manifestation of the resumption of meiosis. Thus, the amount of cyclin B is not the limiting factor rendering these growing oocytes incompetent to undergo GVB. In contrast, synthesis and accumulation of p34cdc2 increased during the period of oocyte growth in vivo when they became competent to undergo GVB. A similar increase in the amount of p34cdc2 also occurred in cultured granulosa cell-free oocytes despite the lack of oocyte growth, but these cultured oocytes did not become GVB competent. Thus, the accumulation of p34cdc2 is probably necessary, but not sufficient, for mouse oocytes to become competent to undergo GVB. This accumulation occurs autonomously in oocytes independently of growth or of the participation of follicular somatic cells.

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