Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Mouse mutations as animal models and biomedical tools for dermatological research.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1996

Keywords

Dermatology: td, Disease-Models-Animal, Mice, Mice-Inbred-Strains: ge, Mice-Mutant-Strains: ge, Research: td, Skin-Diseases: ge

JAX Source

J Invest Dermatol 1996 Feb;106(2):368-76

Abstract

In this overview, we describe the advantages, disadvantages, and specific skin and hair abnormalities in spontaneous mouse mutations, as well as sources of information about models generally applicable to skin diseases. These inbred mouse mutations are used directly to evaluate the genetic bases of mammalian skin diseases and indirectly to study the effects of grafting human tissues onto congenitally immunodeficient mice. Such inbred immuno-deficient mice are productively used to study neoplasia and autoimmune diseases; to produce gene products in transfected human cells and to reconstitute the mouse immune system with human cells. The advantages of using inbred mouse mutants dramatically changed when the ability to produce transgenic mice with induced mutations that increase, nullify, or alter the expression of specific genes was created. Combining the best features of spontaneous and induced mouse mutations provides powerful tools to analyze the developmental biology and the diseases of mammalian skin and hair.

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