Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Absence of papillomavirus in skin tumors induced in SENCAR mice by a two-stage carcinogenesis protocol.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1990

Keywords

Antigens-Viral: an, DNA-Viral: an, Female, Mice, Papilloma: ci, mi, Papillomaviruses: ge, im, Skin-Neoplasms: ci, mi, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, Tetradecanoylphorbol-Acetate, 910-Dimethyl-12-Benzanthracene

JAX Source

Carcinogenesis 1990 Feb; 11(2):341-4.

Abstract

SENCAR mice are unusually sensitive to induction of papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas by initiation with 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) and promotion by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Tumors induced by this protocol were tested for the presence of papillomavirus by immunohistochemistry, Southern blot, reverse Southern blot and dot blot hybridization techniques. Papillomavirus antigens were not detected in any of 235 tumors or 142 non-tumor-bearing skin samples analyzed. Southern blots and dot blots, using a mixed probe of cloned rodent papillomavirus DNA from the multimammate rat, Mastomys natalensis, and the European harvest mouse, Micromys minutus, did not reveal the presence of either episomal or integrated papillomavirus genomes in total cellular DNA extracts from the tumors or non-tumor-bearing skin. To circumvent the possibility that insufficient cross-homology existed to detect a papillomavirus genome with the mixed probe used, DNAs extracted from six papillomas were labeled and each used to probe reference blots that contained 25 cloned papillomavirus genomes excised from their vectors. No evidence for the presence of a papillomavirus genome was detected by this method. Therefore, it is unlikely that papillomaviruses play a role in the induction of tumors in SENCAR mice by two-stage carcinogenesis protocols.

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