Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Organization of the mouse cardiac natriuretic peptide locus encoding BNP and ANP.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1996

Keywords

Atrial-Natriuretic-Factor: ge, Chromosome-Mapping, Genetic-Code, Genomic-Library, Immunoblotting, Linkage-(Genetics), Mice, Oligonucleotide-Probes, Polymerase-Chain-Reaction, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Transcription-Genetic

JAX Source

J Mol Cell Cardiol 1996 Aug;28(8):1823-8

Grant

HL50873/HL/NHLBI

Abstract

The genes encoding the mouse atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide were previously shown to be physically linked on mouse chromosome 4 (Steinhelper ME, 1993, Structure, expression, and genomic mapping of the mouse natriuretic peptide type-B gene. Circ Res 72: 984-992). In the present study the spatial relationship and orientation of the mouse atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide transcription units were identified and a physical map of the mouse cardiac natriuretic peptide locus was obtained. To this end, genomic clones encoding atrial natriuretic peptide and B-type natriuretic peptide were isolated from a mouse genomic library in bacteriophage P1. Three independent clones encoding atrial natriuretic peptide were isolated and two of these also encode B-type natriuretic peptide. Both transcripts were shown to arise from the same DNA strand, with B-type natriuretic peptide encoded approximately 15 kb 5'-of atrial natriuretic peptide based on field inversion gel electrophoresis of fragments amplified with specific oligonucleotides. This finding was confirmed by isolation of subclones comprising the entire locus and by blot hybridization analysis of mouse genomic DNA. The results show that the genes encoding the two natriuretic peptides expressed predominantly in mammalian cardiac myocytes are organized in tandem on mouse chromosome 4. This information provides a physical framework for investigating mechanisms that regulate transcription of the cardiac natriuretic peptide locus.