Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Increased G-CSF responsiveness of bone marrow cells from hematopoietic cell phosphatase deficient viable motheaten mice.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1997

Keywords

Bone-Marrow: de, pa, Cell-Differentiation: de, Colony-Forming-Units-Assay, DNA-Binding-Proteins: me, Granulocyte-Colony-Stimulating-Factor, Granulocytes: pa, Hematopoietic-Stem-Cells: en, pa, Leukocytosis: ge, pa, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Neutrophils: pa, Protein-Processing-Post-Translational, Protein-Tyrosine-Phosphatase: ge, df, ph, Receptors-Granulocyte-Colony-Stimulating-Factor: bi, Recombinant-Fusion-Proteins: bi, ge, Signal-Transduction, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Trans-Activators: me

JAX Source

Exp Hematol 1997 Feb;25(2):122-31

Abstract

The mouse mutation viable motheaten (me(v)) results in defects in the expression and catalytic activity of the cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatase known as hematopoietic cell phosphatase (HCP). This reduction in HCP activity leads to the aberrant regulation of several myeloid and lymphoid cell lineages, including substantial increases in numbers of granulocytes. The differentiation, proliferation, and survival of cells in this lineage are normally supported by granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). In this study we have determined the consequences of the loss of HCP activity in me(v)/me(v) mice on the response of bone marrow cells to G-CSF. Bone marrow from these mice exhibited substantial increases in clonogenic and proliferative responses to G-CSF. These enhanced activities of G-CSF correlated with an increase in the level of immature granulocytic, G-CSF receptor positive cells in the bone marrow. These results suggested the possibility that HCP may regulate the G-CSF receptor by a direct interaction. However, under conditions where the previously described interaction between the erythropoietin receptor and HCP was readily observed, HCP did not detectably associate with the G-CSF receptor.

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