Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

Mice lacking mitochondrial uncoupling protein are cold-sensitive but not obese [see comments]

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1997

Keywords

Animal, Body-Temperature-Regulation: ge, ph, Body-Weight: ge, ph, Brown-Fat: ah, hi, ph, Carrier-Proteins: ge, ph, Cold, Diet, Dioxoles, Female, Gene-Targeting, Male, Membrane-Proteins: ge, df, ph, Mice, Mice-Transgenic, Mitochondria: ph, Obesity: et, ge, Oxygen-Consumption: de, Proteins: ge, ph, Stem-Cells, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Uncoupling-Agents

JAX Source

Nature 1997 May 1;387(6628):90-4

Abstract

The mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP) in the mitochondrial inner membrane of mammalian brown adipose tissue generates heat by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation. This process protects against cold and regulates energy balance. Manipulation of thermogenesis could be an effective strategy against obesity. Here we determine the role of UCP in the regulation of body mass by targeted inactivation of the gene encoding it. We find that UCP-deficient mice consume less oxygen after treatment with a beta3-adrenergic-receptor agonist and that they are sensitive to cold, indicating that their thermoregulation is defective. However, this deficiency caused neither hyperphagia nor obesity in mice fed on either a standard or a high-fat diet. We propose that the loss of UCP may be compensated by UCP2, a newly discovered homologue of UCP; this gene is ubiquitously expressed and is induced in the brown fat of UCP-deficient mice.

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