Title

High-dose radiation with bone marrow transfer prevents neurodegeneration in an inherited glaucoma.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2005

Keywords

Bone-Marrow-Transplantation, Gamma-Rays, Glaucoma, Intraocular-Pressure, Mice-Inbred-DBA, Nerve-Degeneration, Optic-Nerve-Diseases, Retinal-Ganglion-Cells, Transplantation-Isogeneic

JAX Source

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2005 Mar; 102(12):4566-71.

Abstract

Here, we show that high-dose gamma-irradiation accompanied with syngeneic bone marrow transfer can confer complete protection against glaucoma in a mouse model. Because bone marrow genotype was unaltered by this procedure, it was not the causative agent. The neuroprotection is robust and highly reproducible. Glaucoma-prone DBA/2J mice received a single treatment at 5-8 weeks of age and were protected from glaucomatous retinal ganglion cell degeneration out to 14 months of age (oldest assessed). By 12-14 months, retinal ganglion cell degeneration is usually very severe and essentially complete in the majority of untreated DBA/2J mice. To assess reproducibility, three groups of mice were treated at different times, and the results were essentially the same each time. Considering all experiments, the vast majority of treated mice had no detectable glaucomatous neurodegeneration. A beneficial effect of treatment including high-dose radiation is unprecedented, and we are not aware of any other neuroprotective effects this substantial. Because of the robust protective effect, this treatment offers another tool for studying mechanisms of neuroprotection.