Title

Neuroepithelial defects of the inner ear in a new allele of the mouse mutation Ames waltzer.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2000

Keywords

Animal, Chromosome-Mapping, Deafness, Epithelium, Evoked-Potentials-Auditory-Brain-Stem, Heterozygote, Labyrinth, Mice, Mice-Neurologic-Mutants, Microscopy-Electron-Scanning, Mutation, Organ-of-Corti, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Hear Res 2000 Oct; 148(1-2):181-91.

Grant

1RO1DC03420/DC/NIDCD

Abstract

This report presents new findings regarding a recessive insertional mutation in the transgenic line TgN2742Rpw that causes deafness and circling behavior in mice homozygous for the mutation. The mutant locus was mapped to a region on mouse chromosome 10 close to three spontaneous recessive mutations causing deafness: Ames waltzer (av), Waltzer (v), and Jackson circler (jc). Complementation testing revealed that the TgN2742Rpw mutation is allelic with av. Histological and auditory brainstem response (ABR) evaluation of animals that have the new allele balanced with the av(J) allele (called compound heterozygotes, TgN2742Rpw/av(J)) supports our genetic analysis. ABR evaluation shows complete absence of auditory response throughout the life span of TgN2742Rpw/av(J) compound heterozygotes. Scanning electron microscopy revealed abnormalities of inner and outer hair cell stereocilia in the cochleae of TgN2742Rpw mutants at 10 days after birth (DAB). The organ of Corti subsequently undergoes degeneration, leading to nearly complete loss of the cochlear neuroepithelium in older mutants by about 50 DAB. The vestibular neuroepithelia remain morphologically normal until at least 30 DAB. However, by 50 days, degenerative changes are evident in the saccular macula, which progresses to total loss of the saccular neuroepithelium in older animals. The new allele of av reported here will be designated av(TgN2742Rpw).