Effects of the Pit1 mutation on the insulin signaling pathway: implications on the longevity of the long-lived Snell dwarf mouse.
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Mech Ageing Dev 2002 May; 123(9):1245-55.
Mutations in Caenorhabditis elegans and mice have identified candidate genes that increase their lifespan via hormonal signal transduction, i.e. the insulin/IGF-1-like pathway. In this study we propose that longevity of the Snell dwarf (Pit1(dw)/Pit1(dw)) mouse is associated with a decrease of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway caused by the Pit1 mutation. We recently demonstrated that the growth hormone deficiency of the dwarf mouse alters circulating insulin levels, thereby resulting in a decreased activity of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway, which is a determining factor in the increased nematode lifespan. The decreased activity of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway is indicated by decrease of (a) IRS-two pool levels; (b) docking of p85alpha to IRS-2; (c) docking of p85alpha to p110alpha or p110beta, and (d) IRS-2-associated PI3K activity. In this study we present data suggesting that the InRbeta-IRS-1-PI3K pathway is attenuated in the Snell dwarf mouse liver. Our data show that the PI3K activity associated with IRS-1, the docking of IRS-1 to InRbeta and the docking of p85alpha to IRS-1 are attenuated in the aged Snell dwarf. Our studies suggest that the Pit1 mutation results in a decreased activity of the insulin/IGF-1 pathway; that this plays a key role in the longevity of the Snell dwarf mouse and conforms to the nematode longevity paradigm.
Hsieh, C C.; DeFord, J H.; Flurkey, K; Harrison, D E.; and Papaconstantinou, J, " Effects of the Pit1 mutation on the insulin signaling pathway: implications on the longevity of the long-lived Snell dwarf mouse." (2002). Faculty Research 2000 - 2009. 390.
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