Title

Loss of function of the mouse Sharpin gene results in Peyer's patch regression.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-2013

Keywords

Animals, Female, Genes, Recessive, Homozygote, Intestine, Small, Male, Mice, Mutation, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Peyer's Patches

JAX Source

PLoS One 2013; 8(2):e55224

PMID

23424624

Abstract

Peyer's patches (PP) are an important component in the immune response against intestinal pathogens. Two independent, spontaneous mutations in the mouse Sharpin gene (Sharpin(cpdm) and Sharpin(cpdm-Dem)) result in the absence of PP and disrupted splenic white pulp in adult mice, although a full complement of lymph nodes is present. Here we report that rudimentary PP begin to develop in Sharpin(cpdm) mice during embryogenesis, but lack the organizational patterns that are typical of this tissue. In the present study, small intestines examined at weekly intervals from birth to maturity showed spontaneous regression of PP in mutant mice with concurrent infiltration of granulocytes. At 5 to 6 weeks of age, only indistinct remnants of granulocytic accumulations remain. Transplantation of normal bone marrow into Sharpin(cpdm) mice at 7 days of age did not prevent regression of PP in bone marrow chimeras examined at 7 to 8 weeks of age. These findings indicate that SHARPIN expression is required for the normal development and maintenance, but not initiation, of PP. PLoS One 2013; 8(2):e55224