Title

Restoration of SMN to Emx-1 expressing cortical neurons is not sufficient to provide benefit to a severe mouse model of Spinal Muscular Atrophy.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1-2013

JAX Source

Transgenic Res 2013 Oct; 22(5):1029-36.

PMID

23512182

Abstract

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder, is a leading genetic cause of infant mortality. SMA is caused by the homozygous loss of Survival Motor Neuron-1 (SMN1). However, low, but essential, levels of SMN protein are produced by a nearly identical copy gene called SMN2. Detailed analysis of neuromuscular junctions in SMA mice has revealed a selective vulnerability in a subset of muscle targets, suggesting that while SMN is reduced uniformly, the functional deficits manifest sporadically. Additionally, in severe SMA models, it is becoming increasing apparent that SMA is not restricted solely to motor neurons. Rather, additional tissues including the heart, vasculature, and the pancreas contribute to the complete SMA-associated pathology. Recently, transgenic models have been utilized to examine the tissue-specific requirements of SMN, including selective depletion and restoration of SMN in motor neurons. To determine whether the cortical neuronal populations expressing the Emx-1 promoter are involved in SMA pathology, we generated a novel SMA mouse model in which SMN expression was specifically induced in Emx-1 expressing cortical neurons utilizing an Emx-1-Cre transgene. While SMN expression was robust in the central nervous system as expected, SMA mice did not live longer. Weight and time-to-right motor function were not significantly improved. Transgenic Res 2013 Oct; 22(5):1029-36.