Title

Pituitary morphovolumetric changes in Alström syndrome.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2016

JAX Location

Reprint Collection

JAX Source

J Neuroradiol 2016 Jun; 43(3):195-9

PMID

26704672

Grant

HD036878

Abstract

PURPOSE: Alström syndrome (AS) is a rare monogenic ciliopathy characterized by cone-code dystrophy, leading to early blindness, and obesity. Early endocrinological dysfunctions, especially growth hormone deficiency and hypogonadism, are detected in about half of AS patients. This MRI study investigates the presence of pituitary gland abnormalities in a large cohort of AS patients.

METHODS: Pituitary morphological changes (gland flattening with partial or total empty sella) were evaluated on midsagittal high-resolution T1-weighted images of 32 AS patients (mean-age 23.2±9.4 years; range: 6-45, 15 females) and 21 unrelated healthy subjects (mean age 23.2±11.2 years; range: 6-43; 10 females).

RESULTS: Among AS patients, 11/32 (34%) had total empty sella and 6/32 (19%) partial empty sella, while 3/21 (14%) of controls had partial empty sella and none presented with total empty sella (P

CONCLUSIONS: Total or partial empty sella appears commonly during the course of AS. Pituitary gland flattening might represent the morphological underpinning of subtle endocrinologic dysfunctions and raises the need to further investigate the pituitary function in this rare ciliopathy.

J Neuroradiol 2016 Jun; 43(3):195-9

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