Title

Systematic screening for skin, hair, and nail abnormalities in a large-scale knockout mouse program.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-10-2017

JAX Source

PLoS One 2017 Jul 10; 12(7):e0180682

PMID

28700664

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180682

Grant

AR063781, OD011185, CA034196

Abstract

The International Knockout Mouse Consortium was formed in 2007 to inactivate ("knockout") all protein-coding genes in the mouse genome in embryonic stem cells. Production and characterization of these mice, now underway, has generated and phenotyped 3,100 strains with knockout alleles. Skin and adnexa diseases are best defined at the gross clinical level and by histopathology. Representative retired breeders had skin collected from the back, abdomen, eyelids, muzzle, ears, tail, and lower limbs including the nails. To date, 169 novel mutant lines were reviewed and of these, only one was found to have a relatively minor sebaceous gland abnormality associated with follicular dystrophy. The B6N(Cg)-Far2tm2b(KOMP)Wtsi/2J strain, had lesions affecting sebaceous glands with what appeared to be a secondary follicular dystrophy. A second line, B6N(Cg)-Ppp1r9btm1.1(KOMP)Vlcg/J, had follicular dystrophy limited to many but not all mystacial vibrissae in heterozygous but not homozygous mutant mice, suggesting that this was a nonspecific background lesion. We discuss potential reasons for the low frequency of skin and adnexal phenotypes in mice from this project in comparison to those seen in human Mendelian diseases, and suggest alternative approaches to identification of human disease-relevant models. PLoS One 2017 Jul 10; 12(7):e0180682