Faculty Research 1970 - 1979


Inducible monooxygenase activities and 3-methyl-cholanthrene-initiated tumorigenesis in mouse recombinant inbred sublines.

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Benzopyrenes, Crosses-Genetic, Enzyme-Induction, Female, Flavones, Liver: en, Male, Methylcholanthrene, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Inbred-DBA, Microsomes-Liver: en, Mixed-Function-Oxidases: me, Oxidoreductases: me, Recombination-Genetic, Sarcoma-Experimental, Skin-Neoplasms

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Genetics. 1976 Jul; 83:537-50.


The induction of a certain group of hepatic monooxygenase activities by polycyclic aromatic compounds is regulated by the same locus or gene cluster controlling the formation of cytochrome P1-450 (P-448) in mice. Certain inbred strains of mice are "responsive: (Ahb) to such induction, whereas others are "nonresponsive: (Ahd). A pair of closely related sublines that differ with respect to the Ah locus (for aromatic hydrocarbon responsiveness) were used to identify or confirm the pleiotropic effects of this gene. The lines were derived by sibling-mating without selection from (C57L/J x AKR/J)F2 mice; the two sublines were separated at the F12 generation. Ten microsomal monooxygenase activities and one cytosol enzyme activity known to be associated with the Ah locus were similarly associated with cytochrome P1-450 formation in these recombinant inbred sublines as well. Nine additional hepatic monooxygenase activities studied were found not to be associated with the Ah locus; certain of these activities were increased slightly, following treatment of nonresponsive as well as responsive mice with polycyclic aromatic compounds. The Ahb-containing subline was highly susceptible to 3-methylcholanthrene-induced subcutaneous sarcomas, whereas the Ah-d-containing subline was relatively resistant. These results emphasize the potential importance of this particular enzyme for the study of coordinated regulation in mammals.

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