Faculty Research 1970 - 1979
Alteration of 86Rb+ influx and efflux following depletion of membrane sterol in L-cells.
Hydroxycholesterols, Kinetics, L-Cells: me, Membrane-Lipids: ph, Ouabain, Potassium, Rubidium: me, Sterols: ph, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S
J-Biol-Chem. 1978 May 10; 253(9):3180-5.
Ouabain-sensitive uptake of 86Rb+ (an analogue of K+) was enhanced in L-cells that had been treated with 25-hydroxycholesterol or 7-ketocholesterol in order to deplete their sterol concentration. Ouabain-insensitive Rb+ efflux also increased in the sterol-depleted cells and the intracellular concentration of K+ diminished while the concentration of Na+ increased. All of these effects of 25-hydroxycholesterol were counteracted by the addition of mevalonate to the culture medium. Despite the evidence for increased active Rb+ transport in the 25-hydroxycholesterol-treated cells, the level of sodium and potassium ion-activated adenosine triphosphatase ((Na+ + K+)-activated ATPase) activity measured in homogenates and plasma membrane preparations from the treated cells was not significantly different from the control values. Rb+ uptake was more sensitive to ouabain inhibition in sterol-depleted cells than in control cells, although ATPase activity in plasma membrane fractions isolated from treated cells was not more sensitive to ouabain inhibition than was that from control cells. It is possible that the ability of the oxygenated sterols to inhibit DNA synthesis and cell division (Kandutsch, A. A., and Chen, H. W. (1977) J. Biol. Chem. 252, 409-415) is related to their effects upon cellular ion transport.
Chen, H W.; Heiniger, H J.; and Kandutsch, A A., " Alteration of 86Rb+ influx and efflux following depletion of membrane sterol in L-cells." (1978). Faculty Research 1970 - 1979. 904.