Faculty Research 1980 - 1989


Genetic analysis of endogenous xenotropic murine leukemia viruses: association with two common mouse mutations and the viral restriction locus Fv-1.

Document Type


Publication Date



Chromosome-Mapping, Linkage-(Genetics), Mice, Mice-Inbred-Strains: ge, Mouse-Leukemia-Viruses: ge, Mutation, Oligonucleotide-Probes, Restriction-Fragment-Length-Polymorphisms

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JAX Source

J Virol 1989 Apr; 63(4):1763-74.


R35CA44385, GM18684, CA33093


We have defined 40 endogenous xenotropic virus (Xmv) loci from several common inbred strains of mice by examining provirus-cell DNA junction fragments in recombinant inbred mice. Some inbred strains carried unique proviruses, but most Xmv loci were present in several strains, indicating that many Xmv integration events preexisted modern inbreeding. It was also clear that most Xmv junction fragment variation between inbred strains resulted from independent integration events and not modification or restriction site polymorphism following integration. Chromosomal assignments were determined for 32 Xmv loci by comparing their recombinant inbred strain distribution patterns to those of known genetic markers. The Xmv loci were generally dispersed throughout the genome, but several chromosomal regions contained more than one provirus. Furthermore, several close genetic associations with cellular genes were discovered. Four Xmv loci were closely linked to Fv-1b, a dominant viral resistance gene present in C57BL/6J, BALB/cJ, A/J, and several other strains. Xmv-28 was closely linked to rd (retinal degeneration), and Xmv-10 was closely linked to a (non-agouti), both of which are old mutations as inferred from their broad distribution in mice. We suggest that Xmv integration contributed to genetic diversity in the past and that much of this diversity exists today in common laboratory strains.