Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

A repeated segment on the mouse Y chromosome is composed of retroviral-related, Y-enriched and Y-specific sequences.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1989

Keywords

Blotting-Southern, Cloning-Molecular, DNA: ip, DNA-Probes, Electrophoresis-Agar-Gel, Female, Genes-Reiterated, Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Nucleic-Acid-Hybridization, Restriction-Mapping, Retroviridae: ge, Sequence-Homology-Nucleic-Acid, Species-Specificity, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Y-Chromosome

JAX Location

1806

JAX Source

Genetics 1989 May; 122(1):181-92.

Grant

GM20919, HD07065

Abstract

We report the isolation and characterization of two recombinant clones containing DNA derived from the Y chromosome of the C57BL/10 inbred mouse strain. Both clones were isolated from a lambda phage library derived from a partial EcoRI digest of C57BL/10 male DNA using the murine retrovirus M720. Characterization of these clones showed they were derived from a repeated segment present on the C57BL/10J Y chromosome that contains sequences found elsewhere in the genome. In addition, one clone contained a sequence, designated YB10, that is unique to the Y chromosome and present in approximately 500 copies on the C57BL/10J Y chromosome. Analysis of Southern blots containing DNAs prepared from females and males of representative species from four subgenera of Mus probed with pYB10 and the 3'LTR from one of the Y-associated retroviruses (MuRVY) revealed that, with the exception of a single fragment observed in both female and male DNA of Mus saxicola, hybridization to pYB10 was observed only to male DNA of the species Mus spretus, Mus hortulanus, Mus musculus, Mus domesticus and Mus abbotti. In addition, the pattern and intensity of hybridization to YB10 and the MuRVY-LTR indicated that sequence of divergence was followed by amplification of Y chromosome sequences containing YB10 and MuRVY. The divergence and amplification occurred separately in each of the ancestral lineages leading to M. spretus, M. hortulanus, M. abbotti, M. musculus and M. domesticus. We suggest that acquisition and amplification of DNA sequences by the mammalian Y chromosome has contributed to its evolution and may imply that the mammalian Y chromosome is evolving at a faster rate than the rest of the genome.

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