Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Responses against antigens encoded by the H-3 histocompatibility locus: antigens stimulating class I MHC- and class II MHC-restricted T cells are encoded by separate genes.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1989

Keywords

Chromosome-Mapping, Cytotoxicity-Immunologic, H-2-Antigens: im, Helper-Cells: im, Histocompatibility-Antigens-Class-II: im, Linkage-(Genetics), Major-Histocompatibility-Complex, Mice, Mice-Inbred-Strains: im, Minor-Histocompatibility-Loci, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, T-Lymphocytes-Cytotoxic: im

JAX Location

1765

JAX Source

Immunogenetics 1989; 30(5):335-43.

Grant

AI24544-01A, 2

Abstract

The purpose of this work was to study the genetic basis of histocompatibility antigens encoded by the mouse minor histocompatibility (H) locus H-3. Both class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and class II MHC-restricted helper T cells (TH) specific for antigens encoded by genes within the H-3 locus were isolated and analyzed. Typing a number of mouse strains for expression of antigens recognized by these TH and CTL suggested that there was a different strain distribution pattern of expression of the antigens recognized by TH compared with those recognized by CTL. Separation of the genes whose products stimulate TH from those whose products stimulate CTL was suggested by: (1) analysis of the strain B10.FS(92NX)/Grf that has undergone recombination within the H-3 region; (2) genetic segregation studies of (B10.UW-H-3b/Sn x C57BL/10Sn)F2 mice; and (3) F1 complementation studies in which CTL specific for products of the TH-defined gene(s) could not be detected, even in the absence of immune responses to products of the CTL-defined genes. Taken together, these data suggest that in addition to two genes (B2m and Cd-1) within the H-3 region whose products typically stimulate class I MHC-restricted CTL, there is at least one additional gene whose product selectively stimulates class II MHC-restricted TH. This new gene is located telomeric from the CTL-defined genes and between the loci we and un on chromosome 2. These data demonstrate a novel degree of complexity of the H-3 "locus: and suggest selective presentation of minor H gene products in the context of class I or class II MHC proteins.

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