Developmental capacity of mouse oocytes that undergo maturation in vitro: effect of the hormonal state of the oocyte donor.
Blastocyst: de, Embryo-Transfer, Female, Fertilization-in-Vitro: mt, Gonadotropins: ph, Gonadotropins-Equine, Granulosa-Cells: cy, In-Vitro, Mice, Oocytes: de, gd, Ovary: cy, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S
Gamete Res 1989 Sep; 24(1):81-92.
In a previous study, it was shown that cumulus cell-enclosed germinal vesicle (GV)-stage oocytes, isolated from pregnant mares' serum gonadotropin (PMSG)-primed immature (22-24 day old) mice and that underwent spontaneous maturation in vitro, exhibited frequencies of embryonic development similar to oocytes stimulated to mature and ovulate in vivo by administration of gonadotropins [Schroeder AC, Eppig JJ, (1984) Dev Biol 102:493-497]. In the present study, the effect of the hormonal state of the oocyte donor on the capacity of in vitro matured oocytes to be fertilized and undergo pre- and post-implantation development was explored further. Oocytes were isolated at the GV-stage from the following groups of mice: 1) unprimed immature mice; 2) adult cycling mice; 3) unprimed Snell dwarf (dw) mice that have undetectable levels of growth hormone (GH), prolactin, and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH); and 4) primed and unprimed hypogonadal (hpg) mice that have undetectable levels of circulating gonadotropins. Oocytes maturing in vitro after isolation from normal unprimed immature or adult mice at all stages of the estrous cycle acquired full developmental capacity. GV-stage oocytes isolated from dwarf mice showed embryonic development equivalent to normal (+/?) littermate controls. Therefore, GH, TSH, or prolactin are not required during oogenesis in vivo to promote the acquisition of competence to complete embryogenesis after maturation in vitro. Oocytes from hypogonadal mice had a much reduced capacity for preimplantation development when compared with normal littermates. Administration of PMSG to the hypogonadal mice significantly increased the developmental capacity of oocytes that underwent maturation in vitro. Gonadotropins, therefore, have a beneficial effect on the oocyte's capacity for embryonic development.
Schroeder, A C. and Eppig, J J., " Developmental capacity of mouse oocytes that undergo maturation in vitro: effect of the hormonal state of the oocyte donor." (1989). Faculty Research 1980 - 1989. 1127.