Faculty Research 1980 - 1989


Inhibition of oocyte maturation in the mouse: participation of cAMP, steroid hormones, and a putative maturation-inhibitory factor.

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Animal, Dibutyryl-Cyclic-AMP, Diterpenes, Drug-Synergism, Female, FSH, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Oocytes: de, gd, Progesterone, Sex-Hormones, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Testosterone, 1-Methyl-3-Isobutylxanthine

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Dev-Biol. 1983 Nov; 100(1):39-49.




The hypothesis that cumulus cells inhibit oocyte maturation by a cAMP-dependent process was tested (R.M. Schultz, R. Montgomery, P.F. Ward-Bailey, and J.J. Eppig (1983). Dev. Biol. 95, 294-304.). Treatment of isolated cumulus cell-oocyte complexes with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) resulted in a dose-dependent increase in both cumulus cell cAMP levels and in the extent of inhibition of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), the first morphological manifestation of oocyte maturation. Furthermore, it was found that concentrations of a membrane-permeable analog of cAMP, dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP), that were below those required for complete meiotic inhibition had a greater inhibitory effect on cumulus cell-enclosed oocytes than on denuded oocytes. Cumulus cell-enclosed and denuded oocytes matured at the same time in the absence of dbcAMP. Ablation of the gap junctions that couple cumulus cells to the oocyte abolished the maturation-inhibitory action of cumulus cells that was promoted either by FSH or low concentrations of dbcAMP. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that inhibition of oocyte maturation is mediated by a factor of granulosa/cumulus cell origin, other than cAMP, which requires cAMP for its activity and/or generation, and an intact intercellular coupling pathway between cumulus cells and the oocyte. A variety of steroid hormones potentiated the FSH-induced inhibition of maturation in cumulus cell-enclosed oocytes. In addition, steroid hormones inhibited maturation in denuded oocytes, but only when oocyte cAMP levels were elevated by cAMP analogs or forskolin. Steroids alone did not inhibit maturation of either cumulus cell-enclosed or denuded oocytes. Moreover, the steroids alone or in combination with FSH did not affect metabolic coupling between the cumulus cells and oocytes, nor did testosterone affect the forskolin-induced level of cAMP in denuded oocytes. Therefore, it is proposed that the oocyte is a site for the synergistic activity of steroid hormones with a cAMP-dependent process in inhibiting maturation. Results of these studies are discussed in terms of the roles of intercellular communication, cAMP, a putative maturation-inhibiting factor, and steroid hormones in the inhibition of maturation of mouse oocytes.

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