Interaction of hemolysis and genotype on ionized calcium in bile of mice with hemolysis-induced gallstones.
Animal, Bile: me, Bilirubin: me, Bone-Marrow: tr, Calcium: me, Cholelithiasis: et, me, ve, Female, Genotype, Magnesium: me, Mice, Mice-Inbred-Strains, Rodent-Diseases: me, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S
Gastroenterology. 1984 Nov; 87(5):1127-30.
In this study, we used an ion-selective membrane electrode to measure ionized calcium in hepatic bile of control +/+ mice and nb/nb mice with hereditary hemolytic anemia. We found that biliary concentrations of ionized, bound, and total calcium were significantly higher (p less than 0.001) and magnesium was significantly lower (p less than 0.001) in nb/nb mice than in control +/+ mice. To separate the hemolytic process from genotypic influences, we transplanted genetically defective bone marrow from nb/nb mice into histocompatible nonhemolytic recipients (W/Wv). After successful engraftment, transplanted W/Wv mice had significantly higher biliary concentrations of ionized calcium than their untreated W/Wv counterparts (p less than 0.001); but bound and total calcium and magnesium concentrations were not different from untreated W/Wv controls. When compared with nb/nb mice, transplanted W/Wv mice had lower ionized calcium (p less than 0.001) and higher bound calcium concentrations (p less than 0.001) in their biles. These data indicate that ionized calcium in hepatic bile is significantly influenced by genotypic factors and subsequently increased in chronic hemolysis; and further, that increased ionized calcium in bile of mice with hemolysis is a risk factor, but of limited predictive value for hemolysis-induced gallstone formation.
Trotman, B W.; Lakshminarayanaiah, N; Bernstein, S E.; Kaplan, S A.; and Margulies, C, " Interaction of hemolysis and genotype on ionized calcium in bile of mice with hemolysis-induced gallstones." (1984). Faculty Research 1980 - 1989. 533.