Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Effects of marrow donor and recipient age on immune responses.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1984

Keywords

Animal, Antibody-Producing-Cells: im, Bone-Marrow: im, ph, tr, Dose-Response-Relationship-Immunologic, Human, Lymphocyte-Transformation, Mice, Mice-Inbred-Strains, Parabiosis, Phytohemagglutinins, Radiation-Chimera, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Thymus-Gland: tr, Tissue-Donors

JAX Location

46,309

JAX Source

J-Immunol. 1984 Feb; 132(2):673-7.

Grant

AG00594, AG01755, AM25687

Abstract

This report describes treatments to restore diminished splenic immune responses of old mice. Lethal irradiation, followed by young bone marrow and infant thymus transplants, restored the T cell mitogen response and the antibody-forming cell response against sheep red blood cells in the old mice. Although old bone marrow cells restore these immune responses in young recipients, as well as do young bone marrow cells, old bone marrow in old recipients did not improve their levels of response. Longevities of old recipients with rejuvenated responses were not increased, and aging of tail tendon collagen was not affected. The effect of lethal irradiation before the marrow transplant was shown to be minimal, by the use of unirradiated old W-anemic recipients. Parabiosing young mice with old partners caused impairment of these two immune responses in the young partners without enhancing them in the old partners. The old partners did not have increased longevities. To explain these results, we suggest the following hypothesis: old bone marrow contains precursors that produce suppressive factors or cells when in an old environment but not when in a young environment. However, these factors, if allowed to develop in an old environment, can function in a young parabiosed partner.

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