Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Effects of food restriction on aging: separation of food intake and adiposity.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1984

Keywords

Aging, Animal, Caloric-Intake, Collagen: ph, Female, Growth, Kidney: ph, Kidney-Concentrating-Ability, Longevity, Mice, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, T-Lymphocytes: im

JAX Source

Proc-Natl-Acad-Sci-USA. 1984 Mar; 81(6):1835-8.

Grant

AG01755, AG00594, AM25687

Abstract

Restricted feeding of rodents increases longevity, but its mechanism of action is not understood. We studied the effects of life-long food restriction in genetically obese and normal mice of the same inbred strain in order to distinguish whether the reduction in food intake or the reduction in adiposity (percentage of fatty tissue) was the critical component in retarding the aging process. This was possible because food-restricted obese (ob/ob) mice maintained a high degree of adiposity. In addition to determining longevities, changes with age were measured in collagen, immune responses, and renal function. Genetically obese female mice highly congenic with the C57BL/6J inbred strain had substantially reduced longevities and increased rates of aging in tail tendon collagen and thymus-dependent immune responses, but not in urine-concentrating abilities. When their weight was held in a normal range by feeding restricted amounts, longevities were extended almost 50%, although these food-restricted ob/ob mice still had high levels of adiposity, with fat composing about half of their body weights. Their maximum longevities exceeded those of normal C57BL/6J mice and were similar to longevities of equally food-restricted normal mice that were much leaner. Food restricted ob/ob mice had greatly retarded rates of collagen aging, but the rapid losses with age in splenic immune responses were not mitigated. Thus, the extension of life-span by food restriction was inversely related to food consumption and corresponded to the aging rate of collagen. These results suggest that aging is a combination of independent processes; they show that reduced food consumption, not reduced adiposity, is the important component in extending longevity of genetically obese mice.

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