Elevated dolichol synthesis in mouse testes during spermatogenesis.
Animal, Cholesterol: bi, Comparative-Study, Diterpenes, Dolichol, Genotype, Liver: me, Male, Mevalonic-Acid: me, Mice, Mutation, Organ-Specificity, Species-Specificity, Spermatogenesis
J-Biol-Chem. 1980 Jan 10; 255(1):16-9.
The synthesis in mouse testes of the isoprenoid lipid dolichol, the phosphate esters of which are involved in glycoprotein assembly, was investigated. Because the pathways for dolichol and cholesterol branch from a common sequence of reactions, comparisons of the rates of synthesis of these two lipids can reveal specific alterations in the flow of metabolites along the branch leading to dolichol. Our results showed that the ratio of dolichol to sterol synthesis in testes was from 20- to 72-fold higher than any ratios we have measured in murine liver or cell cultures. In contrast, testes deficient in spermatogenic cells, from x-irradiated mice, or from mice with mutant W/Wv or at/at genotypes, synthesized normal amounts of cholesterol, but much less dolichol. Thus, the high rate of dolichol synthesis in normal testes appeared to be associated with one or more of the spermatogenic cell types. It was also observed that newly biosynthesized testicular dolichols are slightly more polar than the pig liver dolichols used as standards. Possible modifications of the dolichol structures that might account for the increased polarity are discussed.
James, M J. and Kandutsch, A A., " Elevated dolichol synthesis in mouse testes during spermatogenesis." (1980). Faculty Research 1980 - 1989. 61.