Faculty Research 1980 - 1989


A genetic component in human lysosomal enzyme excretion.

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Adult, Alpha-Galactosidases: ur, Beta-Galactosidases: ur, Epithelium: en, Galactosidases: ur, Glucuronidase: ur, Hexosaminidases: ur, Human, Kidney-Tubules-Proximal: en, Lysosomes: en, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

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Biochem Genet 1984 Jun; 22(5-6):517-27.




Acid hydrolases are present in normal human urine in appreciable amounts. Their source appears to be lysosomes released by kidney proximal tubule epithelial cells. For a given lysosomal enzyme the total amount excreted is the product of two parameters, a general one describing the rate of lysosome secretion and a specific one describing the relative concentration of that enzyme in lysosomes. There is considerable population variation in both parameters. Studies of beta-glucuronidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-hexosaminidase, and alpha-galactosidase in monozygotic and dizygotic twins show that an appreciable part of this variation is genetic in origin. This appears to be true for both total enzyme excretion and lysosome composition. Although it was not possible to test directly whether this is also true for the rate of lysosome secretion, the fact that the two former parameters are both heritable strongly suggests that the rate of lysosome excretion is also a heritable trait. Taken together with previous data, the results suggest polygenic control of these biochemical traits. It is particularly significant that beta-glucuronidase excretion in normal individuals is a heritable trait since the excretion of this enzyme has frequently been used as a measure of normal and pathological physiological changes.

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