Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Kinetics of beta-glucuronidase induction by androgen. Genetic variation in the first order rate constant.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1984

Keywords

Enzyme-Induction, Female, Genes-Structural: de, Glucuronidase: bi, ge, Kidney: en, Kinetics, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Oocytes: me, RNA-Messenger: ge, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Testosterone, Transcription-Genetic: de, Variation-(Genetics), Xenopus

JAX Source

J Biol Chem 1984 May 10; 259(9):5816-20.

Grant

GM19521, GM31656

Abstract

Measurements of enzyme activity, rates of protein synthesis, and mRNA activity suggest that the induction of beta-glucuronidase in mouse kidney in response to androgen is regulated at a pretranslational level. Following an initial lag period, the rate and extent of induction follow the rules of simple turnover kinetics and can be described in terms of a zero order rate constant for acquisition of mRNA activity (ka) and a first order rate constant for loss of activity (kb). Genetic variation in kb, described here for the first time, alters the half-time and extent of induction. Variation in kb is independent of previously described variation in ka and, unlike changes in ka, is not associated with change in the lag time. The DNA sequences determining kb, like those determining ka, are genetically linked to the structural gene for beta-glucuronidase. Following the removal of androgen, beta-glucuronidase activity, rate of synthesis, and mRNA activity all decline rapidly with half-lives of 1-2 days. Even in the most rapidly inducing strains, this is significantly faster than the half-time for induction determined by kb. Furthermore, genetic variation in kb does not affect the rate of de-induction. These facts suggest that kb may not describe the turnover of beta-glucuronidase mRNA, but rather the turnover of another step in the induction process.

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