Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in the gray tremor mutant mouse.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1985

Keywords

Animal, Demyelinating-Diseases: fg, pa, tm, Heterozygote, Homozygote, Mice, Mice-Neurologic-Mutants: ah, hi, ph, Phenotype, Pigmentation-Disorders: fg, Slow-Virus-Diseases: tm, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Tremor: fg, pa

JAX Source

Proc-Natl-Acad-Sci-USA. 1985 Jan; 82(1):253-7.

Grant

NS11237

Abstract

Gray tremor (gt) is an autosomal recessive mutation in the mouse linked to caracul (Ca) on chromosome 15. The complex mutant phenotype includes pigmentation defects, tremor, seizures, hypo- and dysmyelination in central and peripheral nervous systems, spongiform encephalopathy, and early death. The heterozygote (+/gt) is phenotypically normal but develops a mild spongiform encephalopathy from 2 months of age onward. The pigmentation and myelination disorders indicate that the gt genetic locus is active neonatally and probably earlier. This report focuses mainly on the later-expressed vacuolating disorder, which most closely mimics in tissue distribution, histopathology, and ultrastructure the spongiform encephalopathies caused by unconventional transmissible agents. This lesion was produced in genetically normal mice in a transmission experiment: of 99 neonatal mice inoculated intracerebrally with gt/gt brain homogenate, all 7 mice of three strains (BALB/cBy, C3HeB/FeJ, and C57BL/6J) allowed to survive for the unusually long interval of 682-721 days after inoculation, developed spongiform changes distributed as in the mutant phenotype. The gray tremor mutant presents a naturally occurring spongiform encephalopathy whose expression is determined by the interaction of genetic factors and a transmissible agent.

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