25-Hydroxycholesterol-induced elevations in 45Ca uptake: permeability changes in P815 cells.
Biological-Transport-Active: de, Calcium: me, Calcium-Channel-Blockers, Calcium-Radioisotopes, Cell-Line, Cell-Membrane-Permeability: de, Hydroxycholesterols, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA-Reductases: ai, Mice, Mitochondria: me, Naphthalenes, Sarcoma-Mast-Cell: me, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S
J-Cell-Physiol. 1985 Dec; 125(3):471-5.
Certain oxysterols are capable of suppressing the activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase. We have previously demonstrated that treatment of P815 cells with 1 microgram 25-hydroxycholesterol/ml culture results in a rapid influx of 45Ca, and supplemental cholesterol prevents this from occurring. In this paper, we report on investigations into the means whereby this influx of calcium takes place. Through the use of respiratory inhibitors which prevent mitochondrial retention of calcium it was determined that the large increase in slow phase (intracellular) calcium uptake caused by 25-hydroxycholesterol treatment was related to mitochondrial uptake. The effects of various inhibitors of calcium uptake into cells, including verapamil, diltiazem, quinidine, ruthenium red, Co++, Mn++, were tested. Of these only Co++ and ruthenium red had any effect on 45Ca uptake. 25-Hydroxycholesterol has been shown to be capable of membrane insertion and this could result in plasma membrane permeability changes. To test this hypothesis P815 cells were treated with 1 microgram 25-hydroxycholesterol/ml or 5 micrograms mevinolin/ml culture. Mevinolin, being a water soluble competitive inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, should be unable to disrupt membrane architecture in a manner analogous to 25-hydroxycholesterol. While both inhibitors rapidly suppressed the synthesis of digitonin-precipitable sterols, only 25-hydroxycholesterol was able to increase 45Ca influx. The implications of these findings are discussed.
Boissonneault, G A. and Heiniger, H J., " 25-Hydroxycholesterol-induced elevations in 45Ca uptake: permeability changes in P815 cells." (1985). Faculty Research 1980 - 1989. 666.