Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

The gene encoding the T-cell receptor alpha-chain maps close to the Np-2 locus on mouse chromosome 14.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1985

Keywords

Chromosome-Mapping, Cloning-Molecular, Comparative-Study, DNA: ge, Genes, Human, Immunoglobulins: ge, Immunoglobulins-Kappa-Chain: ge, Mice, Mice-Inbred-BALB-C, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Inbred-DBA, Nucleic-Acid-Hybridization, Receptors-Antigen-T-Cell: ge, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Nature. 1985 Mar 21; 314(6008):271-3.

Grant

GM18684

Abstract

Serological and molecular genetic analyses of T-cell clones have shown that the T-cell antigen receptor apparently comprises two glycosylated, disulphide-linked polypeptide chains (alpha and beta), both of which span the cell membrane. Cloning of the genes encoding the two chains from mouse and human DNA has shown that the alpha- and beta-chains are composed of variable (V) and conserved (C) regions in agreement with peptide mapping data. Gene segments encoding variable and conserved domains of the beta-chain have been identified and undergo rearrangements during T-cell differentiation. The genes encoding the alpha-chain, so far described at the level of complementary DNA clones, also identify DNA rearrangements. Thus, the genes encoding the T-cell receptor show the same structure and dynamic behaviour as immunoglobulin genes, indicating that the two gene families belong to the same supergene family; this evolutionary relationship is supported by the fact that the genes encoding the beta-chain of the T-cell receptor are closely linked to immunoglobulin kappa light-chain genes on chromosome 6 in mouse. In man, however, the beta genes map to chromosome 7 (ref. 14) whereas the kappa-chain genes are located on chromosome 2, indicating that linkage between the two gene families is not needed for proper expression. Here we describe genomic clones encoding the constant portion of the T-cell receptor alpha-chain and map the gene to chromosome 14 in mouse, close to the gene for purine nucleoside phosphorylase (Np-2) which, in man, has been associated with T-cell immunodeficiencies.

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