Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Maintenance of murine oocyte meiotic arrest: uptake and metabolism of hypoxanthine and adenosine by cumulus cell-enclosed and denuded oocytes.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1986

Keywords

Animal, Biological-Transport, Hypoxanthines: me, Inosine, IMP-Dehydrogenase: ai, Meiosis: de, Mice, Mycophenolic-Acid, Oocytes

JAX Location

Reprint Collection 1321

JAX Source

Dev-Biol. 1986 Sep; 117(1):174-83.

Grant

HD06650, HD20575, AM

Abstract

To analyze the potential mechanisms by which hypoxanthine and adenosine maintain meiotic arrest in mouse oocytes this study focused on: the uptake and metabolism of hypoxanthine and adenosine; the effect of inhibitors of inosine monophosphate (IMP) dehydrogenase on purine-mediated meiotic arrest; and the role of adenosine metabolism on the maintenance of meiotic arrest. Although the denuded oocyte can take up radiolabeled hypoxanthine and adenosine, an intact cumulus oophorus greatly augments uptake of these molecules (and/or metabolites). Both of these compounds were completely metabolized during incubation in vitro: hypoxanthine was apparently metabolized to uric acid and adenosine was metabolized to ADP; a small amount of each compound was also converted to inosine by cumulus cells and transferred to the oocyte. The IMP dehydrogenase inhibitors, bredinin and mycophenolic acid (MA), induced, in a dose-dependent manner, the resumption of maturation in cumulus cell-enclosed oocytes maintained in meiotic arrest by hypoxanthine but had no effect on denuded oocytes. MA did not induce maturation when meiotic arrest was maintained by guanosine. Nor did MA alter the uptake of hypoxanthine by cumulus cell-enclosed oocytes. The poorly metabolized analog of adenosine, 2-chloroadenosine, was as effective as adenosine in its synergistic action with hypoxanthine in maintaining meiotic arrest. It is concluded that hypoxanthine and adenosine are metabolized within the oocyte-cumulus cell complex; xanthyl and/or guanyl compounds are produced by oocyte-cumulus cell complexes in the presence of hypoxanthine and play an important role in the maintenance of meiotic arrest; and adenosine need not be metabolized to act synergistically with hypoxanthine in maintaining meiotic arrest.