Faculty Research 1980 - 1989


Complex genetic determinants of susceptibility to methylxanthine-induced locomotor activity changes.

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Caffeine, Dose-Response-Relationship-Drug, Genetics-Behavioral, Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-CBA, Mice-Inbred-Strains, Motor-Activity: de, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Theophylline, Xanthines

JAX Source

Pharmacol-Biochem-Behav. 1986 May; 24(5):1333-41.


The intent of this study was to investigate the role of inheritance in the determination of susceptibility to methylxanthine-induced behavioral changes. Two strains of inbred mice, SWR and CBA, which differ significantly in their response to caffeine- and theophylline-induced stimulation of locomotor activity, were used in classical genetic crosses to produce reciprocal F1 hybrids, reciprocal backcross progeny F2 progeny. Theophylline dose response curves in the reciprocal F1 hybrid strains were identical to each other and to their methylxanthine-responsive (CBA) parent. These results indicated that theophylline responsiveness behaved as a simple autosomal dominant trait. Behavioral responses of these F1 hybrid strains to caffeine showed the same maximal enhancement of locomotor activity as their CBA progenitor at a dose 10 mg/kg IP, but locomotor activity stimulation also occurred at 32 mg/kg IP, a dose which inhibited their CBA parent. These data suggest that the genes specifying caffeine responsiveness differ from those encoding theophylline responsiveness. For both caffeine and theophylline, behavioral phenotypes and their expected frequencies of occurrence among backcross and F2 progeny differed significantly from the segregation ratios expected for a trait determined by a single gene. These non-Mendelian segregation ratios suggest that locomotor activity stimulation by both of these methylxanthines is polygenically determined. It was anticipated that the same genetically encoded neurochemical mechanism would underlie the difference in behavioral response to the two methylxanthines. However, no significant correlation between caffeine-induced and theophylline-induced stimulation of locomotor activity was observed among progeny derived from backcrosses of F1 self-crosses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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