Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Gonadotropin uptake in genetic and irradiation models of ovarian tumorigenesis.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1986

Keywords

Disease-Models-Animal, Female, FSH: me, Gonadotropins-Chorionic: me, Mice, Mutation, Neoplasms-Radiation-Induced: me, Organ-Weight: re, Ovarian-Neoplasms: et, fg, me, Ovary: me, re, pa, Rodent-Diseases: fg,me

JAX Location

Reprint Collection: 1290,

JAX Source

Biol Reprod 1986 May; 34(4):761-70.

Grant

CA24145, T32-CA-09217

Abstract

Genetic and irradiation models of ovarian tumorigenesis were investigated for evidence that elevated gonadotropins have a role in tumorigenesis. Wx/Wv mice lack oocytes at birth, develop complex mesothelial adenomas by 6 mo, and additional ovarian tumor types later. Uptake of iodinated human chorionic gonadotropin (125I-hCG) was measured in mice aged 1 to 30 mo, and uptake iodinated human follicle-stimulating hormone (125I-hFSH) was measured in mice aged 1 to 12 mo. Gonadotropin uptake by Wx/Wv ovaries in vivo declined quickly and was undetectable by 6 mo. Irradiated ovaries rapidly lost oocytes and follicular structures, formed mesothelial adenomas by 5 mo, and later formed additional types of ovarian tumors. In the irradiation model, 125I-hCG uptake also declined quickly and was undetectable by 3 mo of age. Neither the surface nor the tubular epithelium of the mesothelial adenoma were consistently labeled by 125I-hCG in autoradiography studies with either model. Although these data do not exclude an acute role for gonadotropins in initiation of preneoplastic events, they do indicate that ovarian cells do not require chronic gonadotropin stimulation during subsequent tumorigenesis. These findings are discussed in relation to additional models of ovarian tumorigenesis.