Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Ovarian tumors not induced by irradiation and gonadotropins in hypogonadal (hpg) mice.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1986

Keywords

Body-Weight, Female, Gamma-Rays, Gonadotropins: ph, me, Hypogonadism:pp, me, pa, ve, LH, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C3H, Neoplasms-Radiation-Induced: me, Organ-Weight: re, Ovarian-Neoplasms:et, me, Ovary: re, pa, Rodent-Diseases: pp, me, pa

JAX Source

Biol Reprod 1986 May; 34(4):751-60.

Grant

CA24145, T32-CA-09217

Abstract

Hypogonadal (hpg/hpg) mice deficient in gonadotropin-releasing hormone were used to study gonadotropin involvement in ovarian tumorigenesis following gamma irradiation. In the first experiment, 30-day-old hpg/hpg and normal (+/-) littermate mice were irradiated. The same mice were killed 10-15 mo later, and autopsies were performed. Ovaries of irradiated hpg/hpg mice were devoid of oocytes, but retained follicular structures. Neither mesothelial adenomas nor granulosa cell tumors were observed. In contrast, all irradiated +/- mice formed mesothelial adenomas or granulosa cell tumors, or both. Therefore, oocyte death in the absence of gonadotropins did not initiate ovarian tumorigenesis. In the second experiment, irradiated and nonirradiated hpg/hpg and +/- mice were injected 3 times weekly for 180 days with either low or high doses of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in combination. Irradiation reduced ovarian mass and markedly reduced ovarian weight increase in response to exogenous gonadotropins. Follicular dissolution and stromal cell hypertrophy were observed in saline-treated and gonadotropin-treated +/- mice that had been irradiated, and in hpg/hpg mice given the high gonadotropin dose. Mesothelial adenoma formation was observed in 100% of saline-treated, 14% of low dose-treated, and 11% of high dose-treated +/- mice. No mesothelial adenomas developed in any hpg/hpg or nonirradiated +/- mice, despite gonadotropin-induced stromal luteinization. These results indicate that, in the absence of gonadotropins, irradiation leads only to the loss of oocytes. The presence of gonadotropins was necessary to promote follicular dissolution and stromal luteinization, but was insufficient to stimulate mesothelial adenoma formation.