Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Ly-1 B helper cells in autoimmune "viable motheaten" mice.

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Antibody-Formation, Antigens-Ly: im, Autoimmune-Diseases: fg, im, B-Lymphocytes: im, Helper-Cells: im, ph, Immunoglobulin-Idiotypes: im, Immunoglobulins-Lambda-Chain: an, Immunoglobulins-Surface: an, Mice, Mice-Mutant-Strains: im, Nitrobenzenes: im, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

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J-Immunol. 1987 Sep 15; 139(6):1811-7.


CA35845, AI20232


Previous work has demonstrated that Ly-1 B cells from normal C57BL/6J mice help the response of B cell subsets to the 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl hapten (NP). This regulatory cell population, called BH, preferentially helps the expression of plaque-forming B cells which express a predominant set of serologically related determinants collectively known as the NPb idiotype family. The specificity of BH cell activity in the NP system is a reflection of NPb idiotype-specific BH cell surface receptors. Thus, BH cells recognize autologous (i.e., idiotype) antigens. Given these observations and previous associations of increased Ly-1 B cell frequency in autoimmune mice, it was hypothesized that autoreactive Ly-1 BH cells may be present in high frequencies and in an activated state in autoimmune mice. To test this hypothesis the immunologic activity of BH cells in autoimmune viable motheaten (mev/mev) mice was studied. It was determined that splenic BH cells are approximately 10 times more frequent in viable motheaten than normal mice. The fact that BH cells from viable motheaten mice are activated was suggested by the presence of NPb idiotype-specific BH replacing helper activity in sera or B cell supernatants from these autoimmune mice. The soluble helper activities constitutively produced in mev/mev splenic B cell cultures and detected in mev/mev serum were resolved into two moieties, an NPb idiotype-specific immunoglobulin and a nonimmunoglobulin lymphokine(s) fraction. Purified mev/mev B cell-derived B cell maturation factor could substitute for the lymphokine moiety in the NPb idiotype helper cell assay. These results suggest that at least two signals, anti-idiotype immunoglobulin and a late-acting B cell maturation factor, are required for BH-dependent helper activity. The relationships of these results to current concepts of B cell activation mechanisms and the possible association of Ly-1 BH cells with autoimmunity are discussed.

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