Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Male sterility caused by p6H and qk mutations is not corrected in chimeric mice.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1987

Keywords

Blastocyst: cy, Cell-Nucleus: ul, Chimera, Crosses-Genetic, Crossing-Over-(Genetics), Female, Glucosephosphate-Isomerase: ge, Homozygote, Infertility-Male: fg, Isoenzymes: ge, Male, Mice, Microscopy-Electron, Mutation, Phosphoglycerate-Kinase: ge, Spermatids: ul, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Translocation-(Genetics)

JAX Source

J-Exp-Zool. 1987 Jul; 243(1):81-92.

Grant

HD16978, GM20919, RR01183, +

Abstract

It is not known if the male sterility caused by the pleiotropic mutations p6H (pink-eyed 6H) and qk (quaking) is intrinsic or extrinsic to spermatogenic cells. This question was addressed by juxtaposing mutant and normal cells in the testes of chimeric mice and determining whether the mutant germ cells could form functional sperm. Twenty-one male chimeras consisting of normal cells and p6H/p6H or qk/qk cells were analyzed. For each, breeding productivity and testicular and sperm morphology were determined. Karyotypes and isozyme analyses were performed to identify the two cellular components of each chimera. All male chimeras that contained p6H/p6H, XY cells were sterile. Although some chimeras with a qk/qk, XY mutant component were fertile, none produced offspring from the homozygous qk component. Spermatids of the sterile chimeras showed abnormalities characteristic of the mutations. We conclude from this study that the presence of normal XY germ and somatic cells in the testis did not rescue the male sterile phenotype of homozygous p6H or qk XY germ cells. Therefore, the action of these mutant genes in causing sperm abnormalities and sterility is autonomous to the germ cells.

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